This coming weekend I'm scheduled to demonstrate handtool use at Overland Tools in Kansas City. This is part of a membership drive for the Kansas City Woodworkers' Guild.
I decided to make a simple picture frame from some air dried walnut I recently acquired. It is rough cut walnut and has been setting around for some 20 years. Unfortunately when they milled it they were a bit stingy on the thickness so most pieces are closer to 3/4 in the rough state. A few are a robust 4/4 though. The price was right no matter what the thickness.
Anyway, did the flattening and thicknessing by hand. However to make my life easier in the long run I used my power planer as a thicknessing gauge with two very light passes. And because I'm still not a great sawyer when it comes to long rip cuts I opted to use the table saw to help me conserve my material a bit. But all the final dimentioning for width will be by hand.
The finished frame will be 19-1/2 x 23-1/2 and just about 15/16 thick. I'll add a bead around the outside edge with a Stanley #45 and the #45 will make the glass rabbet too. The miters will be cut by hand in a home-made miter box and then trued up on a shooting board.
Tonight, after finishing up the milling of the stock I made the miter box. That was all hand work. Two long rips and some planing to make the bottom, fence and cleat. Then carefully mark out for the left and right miters and just for good measure, a 90 slot too. I'll use the same saw at the demos I used for kerfing the miter box.
Here's the stack of rough walnut. A few boards on top are 4/4 while most are 7/8 or even 3/4.
mediuml005.jpg [ 110.82 KiB | Viewed 2578 times ]
And a trashcan full of shavings from the initial stock prep.
mediuml004.jpg [ 170.18 KiB | Viewed 2578 times ]
And three sticks of walnut ready to go.
mediuml006.jpg [ 153.17 KiB | Viewed 2578 times ]
The miter box is pretty straight forward, the front fence/cleat holds it to the bench and the back fence references the work. Even used a few cut-nails to hold the fence and cleat on this one.
mediuml001.jpg [ 102.81 KiB | Viewed 2578 times ]
The test cut on another scrap of pine is pretty darn close to 45 degrees so there won't be much truing needed on the shooting board.
mediuml002.jpg [ 102.05 KiB | Viewed 2578 times ]
Left to do before the weekend is to touch up the jointer and smooting planes along with the beading blade I'll need in the #45 and rebuild my sticking board because the one I made about 6 months ago for a similar frame in cherry has long since been dismantled and its parts recycled for other jigs or test pieces.
Here is the cherry frame I made about 6 months ago in a similar fashion. One of these days I'll get around to cutting glass for it!
001.jpg [ 146.97 KiB | Viewed 2578 times ]
002.jpg [ 141.8 KiB | Viewed 2578 times ]
The corners are splined with cherry inserts. I plan to spline the walnut version with walnut. The finish on cherry frame is just BLO with wax over the top. Probably the same for the walnut frame once it's done.